Job Safety Analysis and Risk Management
Risk of injury is part of those who work in construction and heavy industry projects. Although one cannot totally remove risks, using standard procedures and good work practices can help reduce and control risk. There are those who believe that risk is just a normal part of doing your job. So, how much risk are you willing to accept?
Risk will always be present no matter what type of task you do. You can determine risk by your exposure and the probability of something wrong happening and the severity of the outcome. Each day we make decisions about accepting risks. The question is if people really understand and accept these risks.
From its beginnings at the organizational level, the acceptance of risk is then forced down to the local level. It is usually the function of the management to control risks and in order to help understand risk and keep it in an acceptance level, good tools must be used. Job Safety Analysis is one tool commonly used today.
At the lowest management level, risk is to be controlled by the people doing the work and their immediate supervisors. It is important to make sure that all those who need to be involved in both the planning and execution of the task be given an adequate opportunity to be involved and are kept informed of developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them.
Hazards are easily spotted by worker. Very seldom will a worker talk about the hazards that he has seen. Most incident investigations have found that workers in the area knew the hazard existed. Some thought hazard was normal and some say that they thought the risk was acceptable. Employees should get involved in order to help managers reduce risk.
The goal is to establish a common level of risk tolerance among the team members and there are several things that can affect this process. The judgment and decisions of the supervisory staff and employees are the most critical part of work area risk assessment and communication of local hazards.
One of the things that complicates communication. of risk on a construction site is the fact that each person’s perception of risk and level of risk tolerance is different. IN order to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all people involved, the job safety analysis tool is used.
Job Safety analysis is an important part of the risk management process in heavy industry. This management tools help reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptance level by making all the members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures, and hazards of the job.